Adolescent and Young Adult Health and Behaviors
This category contains analyses about sexual activity, substance use, mental health, and medication adherence in youth who were exposed to HIV and ARVs at birth, as well as the factors associated with these behaviors. We study sexually transmitted infections (STIs), reproductive health outcomes (such as pregnancy), and the transition to adulthood and adult health care as our participants become young adults.
Transition to Adult Healthcare in Young Adults with PHIV
Viral Loads After Pregnancy in Women with PHIV
Some research shows that women with perinatal HIV (PHIV) may have difficulty maintaining low levels of HIV in their blood (VL = viral load) after having a baby. We wanted to know whether women with PHIV in AMP Up were more likely to have high viral loads after getting pregnant and/or having a baby.
How Well the HPV Vaccine Works in Young Women Born with HIV
Women living with HIV may have a high risk of getting cervical cancers associated with the Human papillomavirus (HPV). Some vaccines such as the measles vaccine don’t seem to work as well in people living with HIV. We wanted to understand if there are ways to make the vaccine work better.
How Violence May Affect Physical Health of Children Born with HIV
Following Young People with Perinatal HIV from Adolescence into Adulthood
Youth with HIV and Sexual Risk Behavior
In this study, we looked at infected youth born to mothers with HIV to see how old they were when they started having sex, whether they used condoms or communicated their HIV status to their partners, and whether they had virus that was resistant to some HIV medications.
Youth with HIV and Risk of Substance Use
Risk Behaviors and HIV in Older Children and Teens
In this study of infected and uninfected youth born to mothers with HIV, we looked at prevalance of mental health issues, sexual risk behaviors, and substance use, and (for infected youth) adherence to HIV medications.
Please note that this abstract was presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Italy on July 18 – 23, 2010.
Medication Adherence and Viral Load in Youth with HIV
In this study, we asked infected youth born to mothers with HIV and their caregivers questions about how well the youth adhere to (take) their HIV medicines. We also measured the children's HIV viral load to confirm whether youth who reported good adherence had lower viral loads (i.e., were healthier). We looked at factors that could explain the relationship between adherence and viral load.