HIV research continues to focus on ensuring that ART is the best it can be and that those who receive the treatment remain healthy. The NICHD and other NIH Institutes continue to make this research a priority through the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS).
Children born with HIV or born exposed to HIV face unique challenges during childhood and as they reach adolescence and young adulthood. Improvements in treatment options for HIV have made earlier and more comprehensive treatment of perinatal HIV infection possible. Our SMARTT and AMP studies have made significant advances in understanding the long-term physical, mental, and behavioral impact of HIV infection and its treatment on the maturation process in these children.